Not every student knows that learning to write summaries on the computer can help with learning. Clear summary can be a great help in acquiring knowledge. In this article you will get the tips for writing summaries at the university.
The abstract in the lecture
Many students are already coming to university with their notebook and typing what they said. In this way, they save time and can format the typed one at home again, complete and print out.
Summary for yourself or as a job
Sometimes you may write a summary at the university not just for yourself: It may also happen that a job consists of creating a summary of a particular subject or topic, such as a handout for a presentation. These summaries are then distributed among the students so that a common learning process takes place.
Pay attention to a clear structure and formatting!
For summaries that you have to submit, the text should be pleasantly structured in the introduction, main body, and conclusion. More extensive summaries may also include a table of contents. In addition, you should pay attention to a meaningful sequence of facts and give the summary a meaningful title. So you can also access the summary in the later part of the study to repeat the topics.
In addition, the text should be clearly formatted: bullets, bold and italics help highlight individual points. Bullet Points facilitate the reading flow.
Also, individual pictures that illustrate one or the other statement, can help to keep the material better in mind.
In addition, you should specify all sources properly and attach a neatly structured bibliography.
In case you need to write a summary for all students, you will receive instructions for creating summaries from your instructor. Follow the rules received in this case exactly! For example, these rules may also include the instruction that the author of the post must be named, or that the header of the institute must appear in the header of your handout.
If you do not receive such instructions, you can use the handouts that other students have already created.
Partially phrase the text in your own words!
Often, texts that you wrote in the university are not understandable a few weeks later. In such cases, read in books what could be meant by one or the other phrase or phrase, and in some cases summarize these sub-aspects in your summary in your own words. In your studies, you should acquire some important terminology. Therefore, some things can not be replaced by your own words: you must learn to express yourself as a specialist in your field.
You can also include direct quotes from the specialist literature in the text.
Create a glossary
It is best if you create a glossary for important terms of a subject. This term defines terms. Tip: For most subjects, there are certain dictionaries in which terms are defined. An example is the “Lexicon of Linguistics” for the Department of Linguistics – a basic work that is indispensable.
Match the quotes of your glossary with such comprehensive works and make additions, if you think it is important.
Summary of important information
You can put together particularly important statements or research results in a separate summary. This contains particularly key messages and – depending on the subject – also phrases or formulas. Also donkey bridges can be included in private summaries. You should be aware that the latter are not particularly welcome at the university because it is expected that you understand and understand relationships as such.
Summarize important topics
Some things are best learned together with other topics, others are separated. Summarize important sections and create your own summaries with several chapters. With the help of such structures you sharpen your memory.
Do not lose in details!
Certain details and examples can help make summaries clearer and better remember information. However, you should make sure that you do not lose in details when creating a summary: In exams, the knowledge that was presented in individual courses and which one should acquire on the basis of the given literature, queried. Make sure that all topics are covered in sufficient detail.
Collection of individual summaries for later study sections
It makes sense to name individual summaries meaningful and to save them on USB sticks. This allows you to access the files in later stages of the study for repetitive purposes. For example, you need to have basic knowledge of a particular topic for a particular seminar, or you want to make sure the basic knowledge is “sitting” before the final exam.
The summary for all students – do not forget to punch!
If you need to write a summary for all students, then you should read the handout thoroughly before copying it. Spelling mistakes and typos are distracting and distract from the actual statements in the abstract, making learning hard.
Make sure you know the total number of students in your class and make many copies (think of a copy for the lecturer). It is particularly popular with most fellow students when the paper is punched before distribution.